top of page

Complex Aircraft

A Complex Aircraft Endorsement (FAR § 61.31 (e)) is required for aircraft that have


● retractable landing gear

● flaps and

● a controllable pitch propeller.


A Complex Aircraft Endorsement conducted by the

US-Flight Training Center consists of two parts:


Ground School: Discussion of the aircraft systems and emergency procedures


Practical Training: Takeoffs and landings in various configurations, climb and descents, steep turns, slow flight, stalls, simulation of system failures, emergencies.


If the Complex Aircraft is also a High-Performance Aircraft, the training for both endorsements - Complex Aircraft & High-Performance Aircraft - can be combined.


Validity: unlimited (lifelong endorsement)

N212L - 5.bmp
bottom of page